The Malromé field covers an area of more than 57 hectares, of which more than 40 are devoted to grapes growing. The vineyard of Malromé, exploited for at least five centuries, has the chance to be situated on an exceptional terroir, made of alluvium and clay-gravel brought by the formation of Pyrenean fossil which witnessed the birth of Garonne.
To produce good grapes, the vine should be grown in quite poor and warm soil which must regulate the water circulation.
The majority of the surface (80%) is around the chateau on the clay-limestone plateau or the fine gravelly ridges.The rest of the surface a few kilometers away, is also on the fine gravelly ridges on southern slopes.
The grape variety
Gironde is characterized by the diversity of grapes, contrary to other regions (e.g. Burgundy). The wine of Bordeaux is almost made from a blend of these different varieties of grapes and each of them provides a quality to the whole.
There are seven varieties of grapes in the domaine of Malromé.
25 hectares dedicated to the development of Bordeaux Rouge (red) and Bordeaux Supérieur Rouge (red).
60% Merlot variety
The Merlot is an early variety of grape that provides the deeply-colored wine with very good degrees of alcohol, which is strong but with relatively smooth tannins. This grape variety is the main one in Saint Emilion-Pomerol.
17% Cabernet Sauvignon variety
The Cabernet Sauvignon is the main grape variety of the Great Growths of the Médoc and the Graves. It provides the highly colored wine with firm tannins which enable the wine to evolve well over time.
17% Cabernet Franc varietybr> The Cabernet Franc is one of the oldest grape varieties grown in the Bordeaux region. It’s mainly found in the region of Saint Emilion. It provides the fruity wine, lighter than the Cabernet Sauvignon, which brings the balance to the whole.
6% Malbec or Cot variety
It was more used in Gironde before. Now it’s the main grape variety in Cahors appellation and in many vineyards in France. It provides the highly colored wine with spicy notes.
9 hectares dedicated to the development of Bordeaux Blanc Sec (dry white).
53% Sauvignon Blanc variety
This grape variety grows in the vine population of Gironde. It provides the lively and fruity wine, very influenced by the soil. It goes very well together with Semillon.
45% Semillon variety
It’s the most common variety of white grape in Gironde, especially for its ability to make the greatest sweet white wines. It provides sappy, powerful, round and slightly aromatic wine. It’s not dry enough so that it’s always put together with the Sauvignon Blanc.
2% Muscadelle variety
This interesting variety of grape, fragile and sensitive to interference and decay, allows the wine to have specific musk notes.